HIV Treatment Strategies

Incarcerated People

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Barbed wire fence layed around prison walls

Coordinating Re-Entry Care Is Essential for Incarcerated People With HIV

Re-entry planning can help prevent opioid overdose and enable people living with HIV to connect with and stay in care.

By Barbara Jungwirth
A transgender woman in a hospital gown being treated by a doctor, a transgender man

Best Practices for Most Vulnerable Populations: Transgender People, Adolescents, and the Recently Incarcerated

"As we think about the care cascade, we can't even test people [for HIV] to diagnose them if we can't get them in the door to a health care setting," one clinician said.

By Sony Salzman
Close up of sneakers walking up stairs

This Week in HIV Research: One Step at a Time

June 13, 2019: Integrated stepped alcohol treatment in HIV clinics; cytokines, inflammation, and heart risk; impact of CCR5 gene editing on lifespan; the costs of "test and treat" for hepatitis C.

By Barbara Jungwirth and Myles Helfand
Researchers Crave More Data on HIV Care Continuum Programs for Recently Incarcerated People Img

Researchers Crave More Data on HIV Care Continuum Programs for Recently Incarcerated People

Sixteen years after the success of Project START for HIV risk reduction, we still don't know what works best for helping people with HIV stay in care after prison.

By Sony Salzman
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HIV Care in the Correctional Setting

HIV Care in the Correctional SettingThere is a saying in correctional health care: When you have seen one correctional system… you've seen one correctional system. The delivery of health care in jails and prisons varies widely from state to state, wi...

By Chad Zawitz, M.D. for Positively Aware
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Depression in the HIV-Infected Inmate


Mental illness is common among HIV-infected individuals. Outpatient studies of un-incarcerated HIV-infected patients reveal a prevalence as high as 54% for Axis I psychiatric disorders (major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia ...

By Andrew F. Angelino, M.D., and Glenn J. Treisman, M.D., Ph.D. for Brown Medical School
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It Takes a Community: The Challenges of Discharge Planning for HIV-Positive Prisoners

Meeting the needs of people with HIV released from state prisons is challenging to say the least, and becomes further complicated when they face other health complications such as chronic hepatitis C, mental illness, and chemical dependency.

An esti...

By Dicxon Valderruten for AIDS Community Research Initiative of America
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Prison Health = Public Health: HIV Care in New York State Prisons

"The degree of civilization in a society can be judged by entering its prisons."

-- Fyodor Dostoevsky

There is a public health emergency in New York State prisons. Infection rates of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are 8 to 10 times higher in pri...

By Romeo Sánchez for AIDS Community Research Initiative of America
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HIV Care in U.S. Prisons: The Potential and Challenge

Historically, HIV-positive individuals with mental health disorders or substance abuse problems, or who are members of racial and ethnic minorities, have experienced difficulties accessing HIV health care and treatment and achieving successful outcom...

By Becky Stephenson, M.D. and Peter Leone, M.D. for AIDS Community Research Initiative of America
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HIV Infection Among Women in Prison: Considerations for Care

HIV Has a Woman's Face

According to Nelson Mandela, who spoke about the disproportionate burden of HIV infection on women at a recent event in South Africa, the world wide epidemic of HIV is taking on the face of a woman.1 Due to their status in soc...

By Anne S. De Groot, M.D. and Susan Cu Uvin, M.D. for Brown Medical School