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HIV Epidemiology

Neurocognitive

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This Week in HIV Research: This Is Your Brain on Stigma

The impact of stigma on cognitive performance; risk factor dissonance among young black MSM; pregnancy and the HIV care continuum; new data on pediatric raltegravir use.

Eric Daar, M.D., and Claudia S. Crowell, M.D., M.P.H.

Neurological Conditions More Likely Among Children Exposed to Efavirenz in Utero

Efavirenz (Sustiva, Stocrin) use was associated with a 60% increased risk of neurological conditions in children, according to data presented at IDWeek 2018 in San Francisco.

Leah H. Rubin, Ph.D.

Women's HIV Status, Viral Suppression Tied to Differences in Cognitive Performance Over Time

Women with HIV tend to perform worse than HIV-negative women on cognitive performance tests, even after many years on treatment, new research finds -- but trends differed depending on the test and on women's treatment success.

HIV Treatment Reduces but Does Not Abolish CNS Inflammation in Past Substance Users Img

HIV Treatment Reduces but Does Not Abolish CNS Inflammation in Past Substance Users

Antiretroviral therapy reduced systemic and central nervous system (CNS) inflammation in past substance users compared with nonusers, according to the results of a study presented at IDWeek 2016.

Many Factors -- From Marijuana to Heart Disease -- Tied to Mental Slowing With HIV Img

Many Factors -- From Marijuana to Heart Disease -- Tied to Mental Slowing With HIV

Several diseases and behaviors are linked to decreased mental function in older HIV-positive men compared with older men without HIV, according to results of a careful comparison.

Cerebral Function in Perinatally HIV Infected Young People and HIV Uninfected Sibling Controls

A study by Ashby and colleagues aimed to characterise the neurocognitive function of young adults with perinatally acquired HIV (paHIV) infection and compare them to their HIV negative siblings or family members as aged matched controls. The study h...

HIV 101: Diagnosis of Neuropathy in HIV-Positive Prison Inmates

Neurologic disease is frequently associated with HIV infection. Both the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) may be affected. The causes of neurological disease are various: autoimmune reactions due to immune disregul...