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HIV Basic Science and Pathogenesis

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Understanding Innate Immunity and HIV

Humans are repeatedly exposed to various pathogens, including viruses and bacteria. The body defends itself against these pathogens using a complex network of cells, tissues, and organs, which together form the human immune system (see VAX July 2008 ...

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News

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier Win Nobel Prize for Discovery of HIV

The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has today decided to award The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2008 with one half to

Harald zur Hausen

for his discovery of "human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer"

and the other half ...

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News

IAS Congratulates Dr. Françoise Barré-Sinoussi for Nobel Prize Award

Geneva, Switzerland -- The International AIDS Society (IAS) today extends its congratulations to Françoise Barré-Sinoussi on a remarkable achievement as she is jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2008, and recognized for her...

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Researchers Find HIV Has Existed Among Human Populations for 100 Years

HIV has existed among human populations for about 100 years, decades earlier than previously believed, according to a study published Wednesday in the journal Nature, the Los Angeles Times reports (Engel, Los Angeles Times, 10/2). HIV/AIDS was not re...

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Basic Information

HIV AIDS Origin of HIV Brief History of HIV in the United States How HIV Is and Is Not Transmitted Risk Factors for HIV Transmission Preventing Transmission Symptoms of HIV Infection HIV Testing Finding a Testing Site Additional...

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Exhausted B Cells Hamper Immune Response to HIV

What

Recent studies have shown that HIV causes a vigorous and prolonged immune response that eventually leads to the exhaustion of key immune system cells -- CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells -- that target HIV. These tired cells become less and less able to fi...

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Understanding Cellular Immune Responses

The human immune system uses both innate and adaptive immune responses to combat pathogens such as viruses and bacteria (see VAX March 2004 Primer on Understanding the Immune System, Part II). Innate immune responses are always on standby and can act...

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NIAID Scientists Identify New Cellular Receptor for HIV

A cellular protein that helps guide immune cells to the gut has been newly identified as a target of HIV when the virus begins its assault on the body's immune system, according to researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Dis...

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Helping Your Immune System in the Fight Against HIV: A Talk With Steven Deeks, M.D.

About the Palm Project InterviewsTAG has conducted a series of interviews with leading scientists about the underlying pathogenesis of AIDS to gain insights into emerging lines of research and observations about the current research funding environme...

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Haiti

Stigma, Discrimination Toward Haitians Could Increase Following Release of Study That Found HIV Arrived in U.S. From Haiti, Advocates Say

Some Haitian advocates, scientists, lawyers and health workers recently said a study that found a widespread subtype of HIV was spread to the U.S. from Haiti in the 1960s could increase discrimination against Haitians, the South Florida Sun-Sentinel ...