As a part of its overall public health mission, CDC provides national leadership in helping control the HIV epidemic by working with community, state, national, and international partners in surveillance, research, prevention and evaluation activities. These activities are critically important, as CDC estimates that between 800,000 and 900,000 Americans currently are living with HIV. Also, the number of people living with AIDS is increasing, as effective new drug therapies are keeping HIV-infected persons healthy longer and dramatically reducing the death rate.
CDC employs a comprehensive approach to preventing further spread of HIV and AIDS. Strategies include monitoring the epidemic to target prevention and care activities, researching the effectiveness of prevention methods, funding local prevention efforts for high-risk communities, and fostering linkages with care and treatment programs. CDC is working in collaboration with many other governmental and nongovernmental partners at all levels to implement, evaluate, and further develop and strengthen effective HIV prevention efforts nationwide. CDC also is providing financial and technical support for disease surveillance; HIV antibody counseling, testing, and referral services; partner counseling and referral services; street and community outreach; risk-reduction counseling; prevention case management; prevention and treatment of other sexually transmitted diseases that can increase risks for HIV transmission; public information and education; school-based education on AIDS; international research studies; technology transfer systems; organizational capacity building; and program-relevant epidemiologic, sociobehavioral, and evaluation research.
In fiscal year 2001, nearly 80 percent of CDC's HIV prevention funds were distributed externally through cooperative agreements, grants, and contracts, primarily to state and local agencies. The largest portion of CDC's HIV prevention resources is awarded to state, local, and territorial health departments. Some of these funds support more than 200 local and regional HIV Prevention Community Planning groups.
The National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention
Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention
The Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention is the primary division charged with CDC's HIV mission of preventing HIV infection and reducing the incidence of HIV-related illness and death, in collaboration with community, state, and national partners. Its nine branches oversee a variety of activities in support of this mission.
The National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention
Global AIDS Program
The Global AIDS Program (GAP) exists to help prevent HIV infection, improve care and support and build capacity to address the global HIV/AIDS pandemic. GAP provides financial and technical assistance through partnerships with communities, governments, and national and international entities working in resource-constrained countries.
Additional HIV prevention, education, and research programs are conducted in other CDC centers, institutes, and offices.
The National Center for Infectious Diseases (NCID)
The National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP)
The National Center for Environmental Health's Clinical Biochemistry Branch operates a multicomponent quality assurance program for laboratories testing dried blood spots for HIV antibodies, provides method development and analytical services for the measurement of zidovudine and other antiretroviral drugs in epidemiological studies, and provides consultative services for emerging concerns in laboratory quality assurance.
The National Center for Health Statistics collects HIV/AIDS-related data in many of its data systems, including HIV-related deaths from the National Vital Statistics System, use of health services from the National Health Care Surveys, and data on HIV-related knowledge and HIV testing behaviors from the National Health Interview Survey and the periodic National Survey of Family Growth.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's HIV Activity focuses on developing, implementing, and evaluating strategies for the prevention of occupational transmission of HIV, with special emphasis on personal protective equipment, engineering controls, and evaluation of organizational and behavioral factors that influence prevention strategies.
The Public Health Practice Program Office strengthens the community practice of HIV/AIDS prevention by developing and delivering training, improving the quality of clinical laboratory testing, developing computing and telecommunications tools, and conducting research into effective public health practice.
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CDC National Prevention Information Network:
P.O. Box 6003
Rockville, Maryland 20849-6003
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