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HIV/AIDS: The Basics

Terms Used in This Fact SheetAIDS: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV infection. AIDS is diagnosed when a person infected with HIV has a CD4 count of less than 200 cells/mm3 or has an AIDS-defining condition.AI...

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Testing for HIV

Terms Used in This Fact SheetHIV antibody test: An HIV test that checks for HIV antibodies in a person's blood, urine, or fluids from the mouth. HIV antibodies are a type of protein the body produces in response to HIV infection.Mother-to-child trans...

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Seeing an HIV Health Care Provider

Terms Used in This Fact SheetCD4 count: The number of CD4 cells in a sample of blood. A CD4 count measures how well the immune system is working.Drug-resistance testing: A blood test to identify which, if any, anti-HIV medications will not be effecti...

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When to Start Anti-HIV Medications

Terms Used in This Fact SheetAntiretroviral: A medication that prevents a retrovirus, such as HIV, from making copies of itself. Anti-HIV medications are also called antiretrovirals.Antiretroviral therapy (ART): The recommended treatment for HIV. ART...

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FDA-Approved Anti-HIV Medications

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the recommended treatment for HIV infection. ART involves taking a combination of anti-HIV medications (a regimen) daily. A regimen contains three or more anti-HIV medications from at least two different drug classes. ...

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Is My Treatment Regimen Working?

Terms Used in This Fact SheetCD4 count: The number of CD4 cells in a sample of blood. A CD4 count measures how well the immune system is working.Drug resistance: When HIV mutates (changes form), causing one or more anti-HIV medications to be ineffect...

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Treatment Adherence

Terms Used in This Fact SheetDrug resistance: When HIV mutates (changes form), causing one or more anti-HIV medications to be ineffective.Regimen: A combination of three or more anti-HIV medications from at least two different drug classes.Treatment ...

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Following an HIV Treatment Regimen

Terms Used in This Fact SheetRegimen: A combination of three or more anti-HIV medications from at least two different drug classes.Treatment adherence: Closely following an HIV treatment regimen -- taking the correct dose of each anti-HIV medication ...

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NIAID Issues New Clinical Trials Units Funding Opportunity Announcement

NIAID has issued a new request for applications (RFA) to establish clinical trials units (CTUs) for its clinical research networks. The new funding announcement is being issued in connection with NIAID's efforts to revamp and expand its HIV/AIDS clin...

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News

Nominations for New Physician/Clinician Members of the DHHS Panel on Pediatric Antiretroviral Therapy and Management Guidelines

The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Panel on Pediatric Antiretroviral Therapy and Management Guidelines (the Pediatric Guidelines Panel) is accepting nominations for new members with clinical research and/or practice expertise in manage...