https://www.thebodypro.com/article/smoking-accounts-for-more-heart-attacks-in-people-
Adverse Events, Comorbidities, and HIVCardiovascular

Smoking Accounts for More Heart Attacks in People With Than Without HIV

    A recent nationwide study in the United States calculated that 42% of people with HIV smoke, compared with 21% of the general population. Research from other countries confirms smoking rates 2 to 3 times higher in people with than without HIV.
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    Impact of HIV, Current Smoking, and Previous Smoking on Heart Attack Risk
    Impact of HIV, Current Smoking, and Previous Smoking on Heart Attack Risk Figure 1. HIV infection independently more than doubled the risk of a heart attack in a large Danish study (far left bar). HIV-positive current smokers had a 6-fold higher heart attack risk than HIV-positive people who never smoked (second bar from left), while HIV-negative current smokers had only a 2.22-fold higher heart attack risk than HIV-negative people who never smoked (middle bar). HIV-positive previous smokers had a 2.64-fold higher heart attack risk than HIV-positive people who never smoked (fourth bar from left), while HIV-negative previous smokers had essentially the same heart attack risk as HIV-negative people who never smoked (last bar).
    New Heart Attack Rate in Current, Previous, and Never Smokers
    New Heart Attack Rate in Current, Previous, and Never Smokers Figure 2. In both HIV-positive people and the general population of Denmark, current smokers had the highest heart attack rate (left two bars), previous smokers had a lower rate (middle two bars), and never smokers had the lowest rate (right two bars). But HIV-positive people had a higher heart attack rate than people without HIV in each of the three groups -- current, previous, and never smokers.
    The Center for AIDS Information & Advocacy

    The Center for AIDS Information & Advocacy