https://www.thebodypro.com/article/opioids-are-not-a-first-line-treatment-for-chronic
Providing Quality HIV Care

Opioids Are Not a First-Line Treatment for Chronic Pain, Pain Specialist Says

pain scale
EgudinKa for iStock via Thinkstock
    Barbara Jungwirth

    Barbara Jungwirth

    @bjungwirthNY

    Barbara Jungwirth is an experienced freelance journalist, writer, and translator who has been reporting on HIV for TheBody and TheBodyPro since 2002.