Table of Contents
|What's New -- June 2010 Update|
Significant revisions include the following:
|Key to Abbreviated Terms|
|bDNA||Branched chain DNA|
|CDC||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention|
|ELISA||Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay|
|FDA||US Food and Drug Administration|
|HLA||Human leukocyte antigen|
|NAT||Nucleic acid amplification test|
|OMT||Oral mucosal transudate|
|PBMC||Peripheral blood mononuclear cell|
|PCR||Polymerase chain reaction|
Technologic advances in HIV laboratory testing continue to aid in screening, diagnosis, and patient management. Effective methods for detection of HIV-related laboratory markers are critical for both accurate HIV screening and for monitoring patients for disease progression and viral resistance to therapy. This chapter provides an overview of currently available HIV laboratory screening methods, viral load assays, and HIV resistance tests. Many new technologies that will further enhance testing methods are in various stages of development.
Patients presenting for testing within 36 hours of exposure to HIV should be assessed for post-exposure prophylaxis (see Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Guidelines). Expert advice may be obtained from the National Clinicians' Consultation Center PEP Line at 1-888-HIV-4911 (1-888-448-4911).
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