February 23, 2010
The researchers conducted a cross-sectional survey to examine factors influencing intention to use condoms among clients of female sex workers (FSWs) at commercial sex sites in St. Marc and Gonaives, Haiti. They used a structured questionnaire to collect data on socio-demographic characteristics, behaviors and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) constructs.
The mean age of participants (n=378) was 24 years. Among the men, 74 percent reported using a condom during their last sexual intercourse with an FSW, and 81.7 percent said they firmly intended to use a condom during their next visit to an FSW.
Predictors of intention to use condoms, as revealed by multivariate logistic models, were subjective norms (odds ratio [OR]=1.75; 95 percent confidence interval [CI]: 1.06-2.88), perceived behavioral control (OR=1.34; 95 percent CI: 1.09-1.63) and attitudes (OR=1.23; 95 percent CI: 1.04-1.44); norms were most important.
02.2010; Vol. 22; No. 2: P. 253-262; Marie-Claude Couture; Julio C. Soto; Edit Akom; Gerard Joseph; Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui