This study examined the sexual risk act patterns of individuals who participated in the National Institute of Mental Health National Multisite HIV Prevention Trial. Patterns of sexual risk were examined over one year among 3,104 participants from 37 clinics in seven regional sites, within both intervention and control conditions.
Four patterns were assessed: 100 percent protected sex or abstinence at follow-up points; improved condom use or abstinence, but not completely protected behavior; relapse to unsafe sex; and unchanged protection.
Participants in the intervention condition who responded to the intervention with consistently protected behavior were significantly more likely to be older or young adults, recent immigrants to the United States, and to not barter sex or have alcohol-related problems. The consistently protected participants in the control condition were also significantly more likely to be older. The intervention is likely to be particularly effective with clients in STD clinics with large immigrant populations. Specialized HIV prevention interventions may be needed for commercial sex workers, young persons, and those with alcohol-related problems.
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This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network.
It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.