There are a number of steps that HIV-positive people can take to prevent -- or at least slow down -- the development of resistance:
Learn as much as possible about anti-HIV drugs. The more people with HIV know, the easier it will be to make treatment choices that can help avoid drug resistance.
Start treatment with a powerful anti-HIV regimen. The first antiretroviral drug regimen an HIV-positive person takes may be their best chance to fully suppress the virus and prevent the development of drug resistance.
Good communication with a healthcare provider. HIV-positive people should understand their doctor's instructions on how antiretroviral medication should be taken. Asking questions and reporting any problems to a healthcare provider are important for avoiding drug resistance.
Regular viral load testing matters. An increasing viral load is often the first sign that drug resistance is developing. Monitoring viral load regularly is a good way to guard against drug resistance.
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