HCV 101: Prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus in the United States


June 2004

From Brown Medical School

  • This article is part of The Body PRO's archive. Because it contains information that may no longer be accurate, this article should only be considered a historical document.

    The following table is adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's HCV Web-based training course "Hepatitis C: What Clinicians and Other Health Professionals Need to Know." The text is based upon the Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection and HCV-related Chronic Disease (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. MMWR 1998; 47 [No. RR-19]).


    Table 1. Estimated Average Prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection in the United States by Various Characteristics and Estimated Prevalence of Persons With These Characteristics in the Population
     HCV-Infection PrevalencePrevalence of Persons With Characteristic, %
    %(range, %) 
    Persons with hemophilia treated with products made before 198787(74-90)<0.01
    Injecting drug users
       current
       history of prior use

    79
    No Data

    (72-86)
    --

    0.5
    5
    Persons with abnormal alanine aminotransferase levels15(10-18)5
    Chronic hemodialysis patients10(0-64)0.1
    Persons with multiple
    sex partners (lifetime)
       >50
       10-49
       2-9


    9
    3
    2


    (6-16)
    (3-4)
    (1-2)


    • 4
      22
      52
    Persons reporting a history of sexually transmitted diseases6(1-10)17
    Persons receiving blood transfusions before 19906(5-9)6
    Infants born to infected mothers5(0-25)0.1
    Men who have sex with men4(2-18)5
    General population1.8(1.5-2.3)NA*
    Healthcare workers1(1-2)9
    Pregnant women1--1.5
    Military personnel0.3(0.2-0.4)0.5
    Volunteer blood donors0.16--5
    * Not applicable

This article is part of The Body PRO's archive. Because it contains information that may no longer be accurate, this article should only be considered a historical document.

This article was provided by Brown Medical School. It is a part of the publication HEPP Report.