More Women Must Be Included in Academia and in Clinical Trials, Panelists Demand
March 8, 2018
Monica Gandhi, M.D., M.P.H., of the University of California, San Francisco, called unconscious bias the "greatest barrier to achieving gender equity in STEM [Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics]." If we are to overcome this imbalance in academia, the implicit bias must be made explicit, she added. Doing so not only advances researchers, but also helps study participants. Women are underrepresented in HIV clinical trials -- for example, only 8.3% of participants in HIV cure studies are women. However, when women are included during the design of trials, such as during the GRACE study, more women are enrolled, Gandhi noted. While 57% of instructors at medical schools are women, only 16% of deans are women. With so few women in the top tiers of academia, female role models are scarce. Thus, mentoring becomes even more important to help young researchers move up the ranks. Every junior investigator should have not only a research mentor to help her submit papers and with other academic pursuits, but also an external career mentor, Gandhi advised. That person should provide a safe space for discussion of problems that arise, including those with the research mentor as well as work-life balance issues. She recommended that such a mentoring relationship be formalized, with regularly scheduled sessions, an agenda and action plan.
At the age of 48, Tonia Poteat, Ph.D., M.P.H., of Johns Hopkins University is a junior researcher, despite being one of the foremost researchers in issues regarding HIV and trans communities. She started out as an HIV activist in the 1980s, volunteering at an HIV organization as she learned about the intersection of social justice and HIV. There she was inspired by the woman who led the project at the time. Poteat became a physician's assistant, then earned a degree in public health. While providing services to transgender women at an Atlanta infectious disease clinic she met co-workers from the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention. They, and her dual role at the clinic and as a monitor of PEPFAR [President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief] programs in sub-Saharan Africa, inspired her to return to school. She now holds a Ph.D. in international public health. In her view, HIV is "a social disease, as well as a biomedical and clinical disease." Social science therefore must be integrated with clinical science, Poteat advocated.
The community should also be consulted when trials are designed, an audience member noted. "Who told them these are our problems?" is often the response to researchers investigating an issue that a community does not care about, he said. A suggestion for getting more women into clinical trials came from another audience member: Cap the number of men that can participate in a given study to ensure greater efforts are made to recruit female participants. In the final analysis, research is for the benefit of people, and they need to be represented at all stages of that research. "We need the people at the table to reflect who needs the intervention," Dr. Hillier concluded.
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This article was provided by TheBodyPRO. It is a part of the publication The 25th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections.
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