Advertisement
Advertisement

Spotlight Center on HIV Prevention Today

News

So Much New HIV Prevention Evidence! Our HIV Prevention Messaging Needs to Evolve!

February 6, 2017

Over the past several years the HIV prevention toolbox has expanded significantly. This is due to a rapid growth in our knowledge of effective approaches that help prevent the transmission of HIV. While the expansion of our HIV prevention toolbox is welcome news, it has created new challenges for HIV service providers.

There is lots of research to keep on top of and interpreting studies isn't always easy. It is important to understand research findings so that the science can be communicated to clients who may be interested in using these approaches. Educators need to deliver clear and consistent messages for communities affected by HIV. Program planners need to ensure their programming can support communities affected by HIV to choose prevention options(s) that are best for them and to use them consistently and correctly to maximize effectiveness.

To help service providers in Canada adapt their programs and incorporate this evidence into their messaging, CATIE has developed a series of statements on three highly effective strategies to reduce the risk of the sexual transmission of HIV. The CATIE statements are updated regularly to summarize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of these approaches. They provide clear and consistent messaging that can be delivered to clients to help maximize the impact of these prevention options on the HIV epidemic. The three highly effective strategies are:

Advertisement

When any highly effective strategy is used consistently and correctly as part of a comprehensive plan for sexual health, the risk for HIV transmission ranges from very low to negligible depending on the approach.

The statements start with a simple key message, followed by recommendations for service providers and a list of available tools and resources. A review of the evidence is also provided that service providers can use for more specific discussions around risk according to clients' needs.

For the three approaches, the key messages are:


PrEP

The consistent and correct use of oral Truvada as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a highly effective strategy to reduce the risk of the sexual transmission of HIV. When this highly effective strategy is used consistently and correctly as part of a comprehensive plan for sexual health, it is rare for HIV to be transmitted.


ART to Maintain an Undetectable Viral Load

The consistent and correct use of antiretroviral treatment (ART) by people living with HIV to maintain an undetectable viral load is a highly effective strategy to reduce the risk of the sexual transmission of HIV. When this strategy is used consistently and correctly as part of a comprehensive plan for sexual health, the risk for HIV transmission is negligible.

Negligible = so small or unimportant as to be not worth considering; insignificant.


Condoms

The consistent and correct use of internal (sometimes referred to as female) or external (sometimes referred to as male) condoms are highly effective strategies to reduce the risk of the sexual transmission of HIV. When this highly effective strategy is used consistently and correctly as part of a comprehensive plan for sexual health, the risk for HIV transmission is very low.


Resources


Related Stories

Research Update: A New HIV Primary and Secondary Prevention Continuum


This article was provided by Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange. It is a part of the publication Prevention in Focus: Spotlight on Programming and Research. Visit CATIE's Web site to find out more about their activities, publications and services.


No comments have been made.
 

Add Your Comment:
(Please note: Your name and comment will be public, and may even show up in
Internet search results. Be careful when providing personal information! Before
adding your comment, please read TheBody.com's Comment Policy.)

Your Name:


Your Location:

(ex: San Francisco, CA)

Your Comment:

Characters remaining:

Advertisement

The content on this page is free of advertiser influence and was produced by our editorial team. See our content and advertising policies.