It is normal to have a variety of bacteria and a small amount of fungi in the vagina. However, some women can develop an imbalance in the bacteria in their vagina and a condition called bacterial vaginosis (BV) can develop. BV may or may not cause symptoms in every case. According to the Mayo Clinic, the following symptoms are associated with BV:
Women with these symptoms should see their doctor for an assessment. A sample of fluid from the vagina can be collected and sent to a lab for testing.
Known risk factors for BV include the following:
BV can have serious implications for women's health, including the following:
Common treatments for BV include the following:
For further information about the diagnosis and treatment of BV, see Management and Treatment of Specific Syndromes in the Canadian STI guidelines.
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