We know antiretroviral therapy works at keeping HIV at bay for as long as patients adhere to their meds. We also now know that delaying treatment initiation is not more beneficial than starting as soon as possible. In fact, all five major international HIV treatment guidelines recommend starting treatment immediately.
Moreover, we know that being on treatment and having an undetectable viral load has the added benefit of effectively preventing HIV transmission, as shown in the PARTNER study and HPTN 052.
In particular, for patients who are newly or recently diagnosed with HIV, starting treatment is one of the major first steps in their journey. Despite all the evidence that supports starting treatment for all, many obstacles still exist to treatment access, so we asked some HIV experts and community members what it would take to provide HIV treatment for all those who need it.
Interviews for this slide show were conducted by Naomi Harris, M.P.H.
Credit: Jezperklauzen for iStock via Thinkstock.