21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016)


A Closer Look at Cancer Among People Living With HIV

August 31, 2016

Since the roll-out of combination antiretroviral therapy, cancer trends for people living with HIV have been changing. Rates of some cancers, like Kaposi sarcoma -- have decreased. Others, however, including anal cancer, have actually gone up in recent years. What's going on -- and what should people living with HIV know about their risk for cancer as they grow older?

At a session at the 2016 International AIDS Conference, Benigno Rodríguez, M.D., M.Sc., FIDSA, summarized what researchers know about the risk of developing certain cancers among people in North America living with HIV. Here's what we learned.

CNICS Cancers Over Time

CNICS Cancers Over Time

In this graph, the blue line shows the incidence of non AIDS-defining cancers, and the green line shows the incidence of AIDS-defining cancers over time. (Credit: Benigno Rodríguez, M.D., M.Sc., FIDSA)

Overall, the incidence rate of AIDS-defining cancers has decreased over time, since about the mid-2000s. This is not surprising, given that fewer people living with HIV have, and are, developing AIDS with more effective therapies. At the same time, the incidence rate of non AIDS-defining cancers has steadily increased over time. AIDS-defining cancers include cancers such as Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkins lymphoma. Non AIDS-defining cancers include cancers such as lung and liver cancer.

This excerpt was cross-posted with the permission of Read the full article.

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This article was provided by BETA. It is a part of the publication The 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016). Visit their website at

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Please note: Knowledge about HIV changes rapidly. Note the date of this summary's publication, and before treating patients or employing any therapies described in these materials, verify all information independently. If you are a patient, please consult a doctor or other medical professional before acting on any of the information presented in this summary. For a complete listing of our most recent conference coverage, click here.


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