Plugging the Implementation Gaps

October 2015

Towards Defining an  HIV Implementation Science Agenda for Key Populations in Low- and Middle-Income  Countries

Since their peak in the early 2000s, AIDS-related deaths have declined by more than 40% and new HIV infections by 35% globally, sparking optimism that we now have the tools to end AIDS as a serious pandemic within the next generation. However, many of the key populations most affected by HIV -- men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers, and transgender individuals -- are not receiving the full benefit of these advances, and, as a result, members of key populations and their sex partners accounted for 40-50% of new HIV infections in 2014. Without more research into how the global HIV response can better reach these populations and address their prevention and treatment needs, we will never end AIDS.

Implementation science seeks to understand the causes of such implementation gaps and identify effective strategies for closing them; however, in the past, this approach has often been neglected in the realm of HIV. In May 2015, amfAR hosted an expert consultation that sought to define an HIV implementation science agenda for key populations in low- and middle-income countries. The report Towards Defining an HIV Implementation Science Agenda for Key Populations in Low- and Middle-Income Countries describes the strategies and priorities addressed during the consultation and makes a case for prioritizing implementation science in the global HIV response.

The report is available for download here.

Related Stories

Large Variation Across Countries in Meeting UNAIDS 90-90-90 Targets
WHO Testing Guidelines Tackle the Most Problematic 90 of 90-90-90 With Look at Strategies
The Vancouver Consensus: A New Declaration Against HIV

This article was provided by amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research. Visit amfAR's website to find out more about their activities and publications.

No comments have been made.

Add Your Comment:
(Please note: Your name and comment will be public, and may even show up in
Internet search results. Be careful when providing personal information! Before
adding your comment, please read's Comment Policy.)

Your Name:

Your Location:

(ex: San Francisco, CA)

Your Comment:

Characters remaining:


The content on this page is free of advertiser influence and was produced by our editorial team. See our content and advertising policies.