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Vital Signs: HIV Infection, Testing and Risk Behaviors Among Youths -- United States

November 30, 2012

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TABLE 2. Percentage of High School Students Who Have Ever Been Tested for HIV,* by Sex, Race/Ethnicity, and Ever Having Had Sexual Intercourse -- National Youth Risk Behavior Survey, United States, 2011

Characteristic

Males

Females

Total

%

(95% CI)

%

(95% CI)

%

(95% CI)

Total

11.2

(9.4-13.3)

14.6

(12.8-16.6)

12.9

(11.3-14.7)

Race/Ethnicity

Black/African American

23.7

(17.0-32.0)

24.2

(19.2-29.9)

24.0

(18.9-29.9)

Hispanic/Latino

11.0

(8.8-13.7)

14.0

(12.0-16.2)

12.5

(11.0-14.1)

White

8.7

(7.3-10.4)

12.6

(10.7-14.8)

10.6

(9.2-12.1)

Ever had sexual intercourse

No

4.8

(3.7-6.2)

4.2

(3.2-5.4)

4.5

(3.6-5.5)

Yes

17.6

(14.8-20.8)

27.2

(24.7-29.8)

22.2

(19.7-24.8)

Black/African American

29.1

(19.9-40.5)

35.2

(28.0-43.1)

32.0

(24.5-40.5)

Hispanic/Latino

15.9

(12.3-20.3)

25.2

(22.0-28.7)

20.1

(17.4-23.2)

White

14.2

(11.6-17.5)

25.4

(22.3-28.8)

19.6

(17.1-22.4)

Abbreviations: HIV = human immunodeficiency virus; CI = confidence interval.

* Excluding tests performed for blood donations.

† Hispanics/Latinos might be of any race.


TABLE 3. Percentage of Persons Aged 18-24 Years Who Have Ever Been Tested for HIV,* by Sex, Race/Ethnicity, and HIV Risk Factors -- National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2010

Characteristic

Males

Females

Total

%

(95% CI)

%

(95% CI)

%

(95% CI)

Total

24.1

(21.3-26.9)

45.0

(41.6-48.5)

34.5

(32.2-36.8)

Race/Ethnicity

Black/African American

42.2

(33.5-50.9)

64.1

(56.0-72.2)

53.3

(47.1-59.5)

Hispanic/Latino

23.7

(18.3-29.1)

49.8

(43.6-56.0)

36.2

(32.2-40.3)

White

19.4

(15.7-23.2)

40.2

(35.7-44.7)

29.8

(26.7-32.9)

HIV risk factors§

No

23.0

(20.2-25.8)

44.6

(41.2-48.1)

33.8

(31.5-36.2)

Yes

53.4

(38.6-68.2)

67.6

(46.7-88.5)

58.9

(46.9-71.0)

Abbreviations: HIV = human immunodefiency virus; CI = confidence interval.

*Excluding tests performed for blood donations.

† Hispanics/Latinos might be of any race.

§ Three percent of persons aged 18-24 years indicated that at least one of the following statements was true for them, but not which applied to them: "You have hemophilia and have received clotting factor concentrations." "You are a man who has had sex with other men (even just one time)." "You have taken street drugs (even just one time)." You have traded sex for money or drugs (even just one time). "You have tested positive for HIV (the virus that causes AIDS)." or "You have had sex (even just one time) with someone who would answer 'yes' to any of these statements."

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This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.
 

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