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Vital Signs: HIV Infection, Testing and Risk Behaviors Among Youths -- United States

November 30, 2012

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TABLE 1. Percentage of Male High School Students* Who Reported HIV-Related Risk Behaviors, by Sex of Sexual Contacts, and Female High School Students* Who Reported HIV-Related Risk Behaviors -- State and Local Youth Risk Behavior Surveys Conducted in 12 States and Nine Large Urban School Districts,§ 2009-2011

HIV-related risk behavior

Race/Ethnicity

Male high school students

Female high school students who had sexual contact

Who had sexual contact with females only

Who had sexual contact with males only or both males and females

%

(95% CI)

%

(95% CI)

%

(95% CI)

Sexual intercourse with four or more persons during lifetime

Black/African American

45.1

(40.9-49.3)

43.3

(33.4-53.7)

24.1

(21.7-26.7)

Hispanic/Latino

30.5

(28.5-32.7)

53.3**

(45.6-60.8)

16.0

(14.3-17.8)

White

19.5

(17.5-21.7)

29.5**

(22.8-37.3)

17.5

(15.6-19.7)

Total

26.9

(25.5-28.5)

39.4**

(34.5-44.4)

18.7

(17.3-20.1)

Ever injected illegal drugs

Black/African American

2.1

(1.4-3.1)

22.2**

(13.9-33.4)

3.6

(2.6-5.2)

Hispanic/Latino

5.8

(4.5-7.4)

26.8**

(20.3-34.5)

3.2

(2.3-4.4)

White

2.1

(1.5-2.8)

13.9**

(8.4-22.3)

2.8

(1.5 -5.3)

Total

2.9

(2.5-3.5)

20.4**

(15.9-25.8)

3.2

(2.3-4.5)

Drank alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse††

Black/African American

17.6

(14.9-20.6)

22.2

(12.4-36.7)

13.4

(11.2-16.0)

Hispanic/Latino

27.2

(24.4-30.2)

64.3**

(54.4-73.1)

16.6

(14.5-19.0)

White

25.4

(23.0-27.8)

30.2

(23.0-38.5)

16.5

(14.7-18.4)

Total

24.3

(22.7-25.8)

38.5**

(32.8-44.6)

16.0

(14.8-17.3)

Condom use at last sexual intercourse††

Black/African American

75.3

(72.2-78.2)

55.1**

(42.1-67.4)

59.3

(55.5-63.0)

Hispanic/Latino

67.4

(64.7-69.9)

33.0**

(23.9-43.5)

53.2

(50.2-56.1)

White

69.2

(67.1-71.3)

48.7**

(40.1-57.4)

57.0

(55.1-58.8)

Total

70.2

(68.7-71.6)

44.3**

(39.0-49.7)

56.6

(55.1-58.0)

Ever taught in school about AIDS or HIV infection

Black/African American

82.5

(80.1-84.7)

73.0

(62.1-81.6)

86.2

(84.0-88.2)

Hispanic/Latino

83.5

(81.7-85.1)

62.0**

(54.8-68.8)

84.9

(83.2-86.5)

White

89.2

(88.0-90.2)

84.9

(80.1-88.7)

89.8

(88.6-90.8)

Total

86.3

(85.4-87.2)

74.6**

(70.7-78.1)

88.1

(87.2-88.9)

Abbreviations: HIV = human immunodeficiency virus; CI = confidence interval; AIDS = acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. 

* Who ever had sexual contact.

† Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, Ohio, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin.

§ Boston, Chicago, Detroit, District of Columbia, Los Angeles, Milwaukee, New York City, San Diego, and Seattle.

¶ Hispanics/Latinos might be of any race.

** The percentage for male students who had sexual contact with females only is significantly different (p<0.05) than the percentage for male students who had sexual contact with males only or with both males and females.

†† Among students who had sexual intercourse with at least one person during the 3 months before the survey.

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This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.
 

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