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Commentary & Opinion

Media Coverage of Potential Link Between Hormonal Contraception, HIV Risk Needed More "Critical Thinking"

November 3, 2011

In a Nature News opinion piece, James Shelton, science adviser for USAID's Bureau for Global Health, discusses media coverage of recent findings from the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases showing that women's use of hormonal contraception (HC) may increase the risk of HIV acquisition or transmission. "Whether HC influences HIV risk is a serious concern, and has been the subject of numerous studies. But these studies have been observational and not randomized, and thus potentially biased by who chooses to use HC," Shelton writes. He uses "causality criteria laid down by British epidemiologist Austin Bradford Hill" to analyze the results, adding, "I find the evidence far from persuasive."

He reviews coverage of the data presented by the study authors, comment authors, the journal and the New York Times, saying that these actors presented "little critical thinking" in their reviews. Shelton concludes that the possible relationship between HC and HIV acquisition and transmission "remains a complicated and serious issue," and "[w]e deserve better [reporting], from all involved" (11/2).

Back to other news for November 2011


This information was reprinted from kff.org with permission from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. You can view the entire Kaiser Daily Global Health Policy Report, search the archives, and sign up for email delivery. © Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. All rights reserved.




This article was provided by Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. It is a part of the publication Kaiser Daily Global Health Policy Report. Visit the Kaiser Family Foundation's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.
 
See Also
What Did You Expect While You Were Expecting?
HIV/AIDS Resource Center for Women

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