HIV Among Women in the United States

April 30, 2018

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Additional Resources


  1. CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2016. HIV Surveillance Report 2017;28. Accessed January 16, 2018.
  2. CDC. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data -- United States and 6 dependent areas, 2015. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2017;22(2). Accessed January 16, 2018.
  3. CDC. HIV infection, risk, prevention, and testing behaviors among heterosexuals at increased risk of HIV infection -- national HIV behavioral surveillance, 20 U.S. cities, 2013. HIV Surveillance Special Report 13. Accessed January 16, 2018.
  4. CDC. Selected national HIV prevention and care outcomes (slides). Accessed January 16, 2018.
  5. CDC. CDC Wonder: Compressed mortality file, 1979-1998. Accessed February 12, 2018.
  6. CDC. CDC Wonder: Compressed mortality file, 1999-2016. Accessed February 12, 2018.
  7. Bauer HM, Gibson P, Hernandez M, Kent C, Klausner J, Bolan G. Intimate partner violence and high-risk sexual behaviors among female patients with sexually transmitted diseases. Sex Transm Dis 2002;29(7):411-6. PubMed abstract.
  8. Cavanaugh CE, Hansen NB, Sullivan TP. HIV sexual risk behavior among low-income women experiencing intimate partner violence: The role of posttraumatic stress disorder. AIDS Behav 2010;14(2):318-27. PubMed abstract.
  9. CDC. 2016 sexually transmitted diseases surveillance. Accessed January 16, 2018.
  10. Crosby RA, DiClemente RJ, Wingood GM, et al. Sexual agency versus relational factors: A study of condom use antecedents among high-risk young African American women. Sex Health 2008;5(1):41-7. PubMed abstract.
  11. Coker AL. Does physical intimate partner violence affect sexual health? A systematic review. Trauma Violence Abuse 2007;8(2):149-77. PubMed abstract.
  12. Dinenno EA, Oster AM, Sionean C, Denning P, Lansky A. Piloting a system for behavioral surveillance among heterosexuals at increased risk of HIV in the United States. Open AIDS J 2012;6:169-76. PubMed abstract.
  13. Herbenick D, Reece M, Schick V, Sanders SA, Dodge B, Fortenberry JD. Sexual behavior in the United States: Results from a national probability sample of men and women ages 14-94. J Sex Med 2010;7 Suppl 5:255-65. PubMed abstract.
  14. Moreno CL. The relationship between culture, gender, structural factors, abuse, trauma, and HIV/AIDS for Latinas. Qual Health Res 2007;17(3):340-54. PubMed abstract.
  15. Mosack KE, Randolph ME, Dickson-Gomez J, Abbott M, Smith E, Weeks MR. Sexual risk-taking among high-risk urban women with and without histories of childhood sexual abuse: Mediating effects of contextual factors. J Child Sex Abus 2010;19(1):43-61. PubMed abstract.
  16. Simoni JM, Sehgal S, Walters KL. Triangle of risk: Urban American Indian women's sexual trauma, injection drug use, and HIV sexual risk behaviors. AIDS Behav 2004;8(1):33-45. PubMed abstract.
  17. Tross S, Hanner J, Hu MC, Pavlicova M, Campbell A, Nunes EV. Substance use and high risk sexual behaviors among women in psychosocial outpatient and methadone maintenance treatment programs. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2009;35(5):368-74. PubMed abstract.

Fact Sheets

HIV Among Pregnant Women, Infants, and Children in the United States

New HIV Infections in the United States

All Fact Sheets

Other Resources


General Resources

[Note from TheBody: This article was created by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevetion, who last updated it on March 9, 2018. We have cross-posted it with their permission.]

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