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HIV Testing Among Men Who Have Sex With Men -- 21 Cities, United States, 2008

June 3, 2011

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TABLE 1. Timing of Most Recent Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Test Among Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) Not Previously Diagnosed With HIV Infection, by Selected Characteristics and Risk Behaviors -- National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System, 21 Cities, United States, 2008*

Characteristic

Total No.

Timing of most recent HIV test

Never tested

Tested >12 mos ago

Tested ≤12 mos ago

No.

(%)

(95% CI)

No.

(%)

(95% CI)

No.

(%)

(95% CI)

Race/Ethnicity

 

Asian/Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

233

22

(9)

(6-14)

70

(30)

(24-36)

140

(60)

(53-66)

Black, non-Hispanic

1,674

241

(14)

(13-16)

417

(25)

(23-27)

1,014

(61)

(58-63)

Hispanic

1,850

205

(11)

(10-13)

523

(28)

(26-30)

1,118

(60)

(58-63)

White, non-Hispanic

3,163

244

(8)

(7-9)

943

(30)

(28-31)

1,961

(62)

(60-64)

Other†

346

33

(10)

(7-13)

97

(28)

(23-33)

216

(62)

(57-68)

Age group (yrs)

 

18-19

416

102

(25)

(20-29)

47

(11)

(8-15)

264

(63)

(59-68)

20-24

1,411

205

(15)

(13-16)

249

(18)

(16-20)

956

(68)

(65-70)

25-29

1,434

127

(9)

(7-10)

357

(25)

(23-27)

949

(66)

(64-69)

30-39

1,975

138

(7)

(6-8)

604

(31)

(29-33)

1,226

(62)

(60-64)

40-49

1,402

111

(8)

(7-9)

540

(39)

(36-41)

746

(53)

(51-56)

≥50

633

62

(10)

(8-12)

254

(40)

(36-44)

312

(49)

(45-53)

Education

 

Less than high school diploma

462

103

(22)

(19-26)

133

(29)

(25-33)

220

(48)

(43-52)

High school diploma or equivalent

1,694

265

(16)

(14-17)

459

(27)

(25-29)

963

(57)

(54-59)

Some college or technical college

2,379

237

(10)

(9-11)

674

(28)

(27-30)

1,464

(62)

(60-63)

College or higher education

2,736

140

(5)

(4-6)

785

(29)

(27-30)

1,806

(66)

(64-68)

Annual household income

 

≤$19,999

2,082

322

(16)

(14-17)

581

(28)

(26-30)

1,169

(56)

(54-58)

$20,000-$39,999

1,875

196

(11)

(9-12)

498

(27)

(25-29)

1,178

(63)

(61-65)

$40,000-$74,999

1,801

142

(8)

(7-9)

515

(29)

(27-31)

1,139

(63)

(61-65)

≥$75,000

1,408

71

(5)

(4-6)

438

(31)

(29-34)

896

(64)

(61-66)

Health insurance

 

None

2,508

317

(13)

(11-14)

754

(30)

(28-32)

1,426

(57)

(55-59)

Public

707

98

(14)

(11-17)

189

(27)

(24-30)

417

(59)

(55-63)

Private

3,894

314

(8)

(7-9)

1,072

(28)

(26-29)

2,501

(64)

(63-66)

Other/Multiple

64

2

(3)

(0-11)

11

(17)

(9-29)

50

(78)

(66-87)

No. of male sex partners during the past 12 mos

 

1

1,854

257

(14)

(12-16)

580

(31)

(29-33)

1,010

(54)

(52-57)

2

1,185

153

(13)

(11-15)

345

(29)

(27-32)

683

(58)

(55-60)

3

940

100

(11)

(9-13)

263

(28)

(25-31)

576

(61)

(58-64)

≥4

3,292

235

(7)

(6-8)

863

(26)

(25-28)

2,184

(66)

(65-68)

Methamphetamine use during the past 12 mos

 

Yes

516

39

(8)

(5-10)

154

(30)

(26-34)

320

(62)

(58-66)

No

6,754

706

(11)

(10-11)

1,897

(28)

(27-29)

4,132

(61)

(60-62)

Drug use before or during sex during the past 12 mos

 

Yes

1,009

109

(11)

(9-13)

294

(29)

(26-32)

600

(59)

(56-63)

No

6,258

636

(10)

(9-11)

1,757

(28)

(27-29)

3,849

(62)

(60-63)

Most recent partner had concurrent partners

 

Definitely yes

1,630

158

(10)

(8-11)

480

(29)

(27-32)

986

(61)

(58-63)

Probably yes

1,866

149

(8)

(7-9)

560

(30)

(28-32)

1,153

(62)

(60-64)

Probably no

1,219

124

(10)

(9-12)

335

(28)

(25-30)

758

(62)

(59-65)

Definitely no

1,924

223

(12)

(10-13)

479

(25)

(23-27)

1,217

(63)

(61-65)

Reports one or more high-risk behaviors§

 

Yes

5,864

554

(9)

(9-10)

1,622

(28)

(27-29)

3,672

(63)

(61-64)

No

1,407

191

(14)

(12-15)

429

(31)

(28-33)

781

(56)

(53-58)

Unprotected anal intercourse during the past 12 mos

 

Yes

4,016

362

(9)

(8-10)

1,104

(28)

(26-29)

2,541

(63)

(62-65)

No

3,248

382

(12)

(11-13)

946

(29)

(28-31)

1,907

(59)

(57-60)

Total

7,271

745

(10)

(10-11)

2,051

(28)

(27-29)

4,453

(61)

(60-62)

Abbreviation: CI = confidence interval.

* Numbers might not add to total because of missing data.

† Includes persons who indicated American Indian/Alaska Native, multiple races, or other race.

§ High-risk behavior defined as the following: more than one male sex partner during the past 12 months, methamphetamine use during the past 12 months, drug use before or during sex at most recent sex, or most recent partner definitely or probably had concurrent partners.


FIGURE. Time Since Most Recent Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Test Among Men Who Have Sex With Men Who Were Unaware They Were HIV-Infected* -- National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System, 21 Cities, United States, 2008
FIGURE. Time Since Most Recent Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Test Among Men Who Have Sex With Men Who Were Unaware They Were HIV-Infected* -- National Hiv Behavioral Surveillance System, 21 Cities, United States, 2008

* N = 680.

Alternate Text: The figure above shows the time since most recent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test among men who have sex with men who were unaware they were HIV-infected in 21 U.S. cities in 2008, based on data from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System.

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This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.
 

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