Public apprehension about recreational drugs, especially those that impact HIV, seems to come in waves that swell with increasing alarm and then peak and fade away, always to be replaced by the next "drug du jour." Heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine, each with a well-deserved reputation for putting people at risk for HIV or, if HIV positive, for interfering with their ability to properly manage their health, have all gained notoriety in recent years.
World Series time, hence the baseball reference in the title. (Doesn't take much.) But over in Lancet Infectious Diseases -- which has turned out to be a terrific journal, by the way -- there's a study reminding us that advances in HIV treatment in the late 2000s were truly spectacular.
Introducing yourself to an older adult as a health care provider requires being sensitive to generational issues. It is not appropriate to address clients by their given or first name without requesting their express permission to do so.
If you're looking for a good way to pass the time while running errands, traveling, or walking to work, I highly recommend the Freakonomics podcasts, which have taught me all sorts of interesting things.
As we await the enrollment, analysis, and results of the START study -- which is randomizing patients with CD4>500 to start HIV therapy vs waiting until the CD4 falls to 350 -- much of the research on "when to start" ART in patients with high CD4's comes from observational studies. Several have already been published (NA-ACCORD, ART-CC, CAUSAL), but one limitation of each of them is that none could accurately assess duration of HIV infection.
As I just celebrated another birthday and relocated to Houston, Texas, to a nice home with lots and lots of stairs, I couldn't help but think about aging. My knees and back are aching. I'm just plain tired! I know that in the clinical setting you are hearing similar complaints among your older clients. We can be an achy mess as we age! For our clients, is it the untreated/inadequately treated HIV, aging, or both?
When studies evaluate the prognostic importance of measuring HIV viral load, they generally do so by assessing a single measurement rather than values obtained longitudinally. One obvious limitation of this approach is that baseline VL poorly predicts outcome after ART initiation -- a finding in stark contrast to the original description of VL from the MACS cohort prior to effective HIV therapy.
It's been several years since the "preferred" or "recommended" initial regimens for HIV treatment have been consolidated into one of the following four:
The CDC has yet again released a report highlighting the growing HIV disparity in young, black men who have sex with men (MSM). Over a decade ago, similar attention was called to what then appeared to be a public health blemish in this population. Because our prevention efforts have been largely cosmetic and woefully inadequate, the 7% increase in the infection rate among black MSM suggests this blemish is now a gushing and gaping wound requiring urgent public health action.
The effects of HIV and highly active antiretroviral therapy [HAART] on gut health were highlighted recently at the 13th International Workshop on Adverse Drug Reactions and Co-Morbidities in HIV in Rome, Italy.