HIV Among Gay and Bisexual Men

September 13, 2017

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  1. CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2014. HIV Surveillance Report 2014;26.
  2. CDC. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data -- United States and 6 dependent areas -- 2014. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2016;21(4).
  3. CDC. HIV infection risk, prevention, and testing behaviors among men who have sex with men -- National HIV Behavioral Surveillance, 20 U.S. cities, 2014. HIV Surveillance Special Report 2016;15.
  4. CDC. Prevalence and awareness of HIV infection among men who have sex with men -- 21 cities, United States, 2008. MMWR 2010;59(37):1201-7.
  5. CDC. HIV testing and risk behaviors among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men -- United States. MMWR 2013; 62(47):958-62.
  6. CDC. High-impact HIV prevention: CDC's approach to reducing HIV infections in the United States.
  7. CDC. Lifetime risk of HIV diagnosis. Accessed July 28, 2016.
  8. CDC. Trends in U.S. HIV diagnoses, 2005-2014. Accessed July 28, 2016.
  9. CDC. Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2010. MMWR 2010; 59(RR-12):1-116.
  10. Wejnert C, Le B, Rose CE, et al. HIV infection and awareness among men who have sex with men -- 20 Cities, United States, 2008 and 2011. PLoS One 2013; 8(10).
  11. Purcell D, Johnson CH, Lansky A, et al. Estimating the population size of men who have sex with men in the United States to obtain HIV and syphilis rates. Open AIDS J 2012;6 (Suppl 1: M6): 98-107.
  12. Crepaz N, Marks G, Liau A, et al. Prevalence of unprotected anal intercourse among HIV-diagnosed MSM in the United States: a meta-analysis. AIDS 2009;23(13):1617-29. PubMed Abstract.

Fact Sheets

Other Resources

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General Resources


  1. The term male-to-male sexual contact is used in CDC surveillance systems. It indicates a behavior that transmits HIV infection, not how individuals self-identify in terms of their sexuality.
  2. Referred to as African American in this fact sheet.
  3. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
  4. HIV and AIDS diagnoses refers to the number of people diagnosed with HIV infection and AIDS during a given time period, not when the people were infected.
  5. From 32 states and the District of Columbia (the areas with complete lab reporting by December 2014).
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HIV and Young Men Who Have Sex With Men
HIV Among African-American Gay and Bisexual Men

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