HIV Among American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States
March 20, 2018
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- CDC. Improving HIV Surveillance among American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States. Accessed January 17, 2017.
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- CDC. Sexually transmitted disease surveillance 2015. Accessed January 17, 2017.
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- Bureau of Indian Affairs. Indian entities recognized and eligible to receive services from the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs.. Fed Regist 2012;77(155):47868. Accessed January 17, 2017.
- James C, Schwartz K, Berndt J. A profile of American Indians and Alaska Natives and their health coverage. Menlo Park, CA: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation; 2009. Accessed January 17, 2017.
- Walters KL, Simoni JM, Evans-Campbell T. Substance use among American Indians and Alaska Natives: incorporating culture in an "Indigenist" stress-coping paradigm Public Health Rep 2002;117(1):s104-17. PubMed Abstract.
- Bertolli J, Lee LM, Sullivan PS, American Indian/Alaska Native Race/Ethnicity Data Validation Workgroup. Racial misidentification of American Indians/Alaska Natives in the HIV/AIDS reporting systems of five states and one urban health jurisdiction, US, 1984-2000. Public Health Rep 2007;122(3):382-94. PubMed Abstract.
- CDC. Deaths: final data for 2014. National Vital Statistics Reports 2016; 65(4). Accessed January 17, 2017.
- CDC. Trends in U.S. HIV diagnoses, 2005-2014. Accessed January 17, 2017.
- Percentage of AI/AN reporting only one race.
- Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
- HIV and AIDS diagnoses indicate when a person is diagnosed with HIV infection or AIDS, but do not indicate when the person was infected.
- The term gay and bisexual men, referred to as men who have sex with men in CDC surveillance systems, indicates how individuals self-identify in terms of their sexuality, not a behavior that transmits HIV infection.
- In 32 states and the District of Columbia (the areas with complete lab reporting by December 2015).
[Note from TheBody: This article was originally published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Feb. 9, 2018. We have cross-posted it with their permission.]
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