HIV Among African Americans

February 6, 2018

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  1. Changes in the Disparity of HIV Diagnosis Rates Among Black Women -- United States, 2010-2014. MMWR 2017;66(4);104-6.
  2. High-impact HIV prevention: CDC's approach to reducing HIV infections in the United States. Accessed December 15, 2017.
  3. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data -- United States and 6 dependent areas, 2015. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2017;22(2).
  4. Murphy SL, Xu JQ, Kochanek KD, Curtin SC, Arias E. Deaths: Final data for 2015. National Vital Statistics Reports 2017; 66(6). Accessed December 15, 2017.
  5. US Census Bureau. Income and poverty in the United States: 2016. Accessed December 15, 2017.
  6. US Census Bureau. Health insurance coverage in the United States: 2016. Accessed December 15, 2017.
  7. CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2016. HIV Surveillance Report 2017;28.

Fact Sheets

HIV Among African American Gay and Bisexual Men

HIV Incidence: Estimated Annual Infections in the U.S., 2008-2014

Other Resources

Web Sites

General Resources


  1. Referred to as African Americans in this fact sheet.
  2. Does not include African Americans who are Hispanic/Latino.
  3. HIV diagnoses refers to the number of people diagnosed with HIV infection during a given time period, not when the people were infected.
  4. The term male-to-male sexual contact is used in CDC surveillance systems. It indicates a behavior that transmits HIV infection, not how individuals self-identify in terms of their sexuality. This fact sheet uses the term gay and bisexual men.
  5. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
  6. Includes diagnoses attributed to injection drug use as well as those attributed to injection drug use and male-to-male sexual contact.
  7. People are considered retained in care if they get two viral load or CD4 tests at least 3 months apart in a year. (CD4 cells are the cells in the body's immune system that are destroyed by HIV.) Viral suppression is based on the most recent viral load test.

[Note from This article was originally published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Feb. 6, 2018. We have cross-posted it with their permission.]

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